Helnwein exploits the image of the child in a Balthus-type manner. Photographs of early pubescent children are used in a similar way to a hard hitting Lewis Carroll. In another large scale painting, "Epiphany III (Presentation at the Temple)", 1998, a young girl dressed in white lies prone, unconscious or perhaps dead on a table while a group of nine disfigured war veterans stand around in sombre witness. The painting reminded one of Rembrandt's "Anatomy lesson of Professor Tulp", 1632, and the similarities go beyond the compositional. The image is painfully tender, the light that glows around the young girl - apart from making her angelic - reflects the revelations of the medical experimentations on children during the war years. The theme of the child was spurred by an interview in an Austrian tabloid in which the country's Head of Psychiatry, Dr. Heinrich Gross, admitted killing children at Vienna's Am Spiegelgrund Paedriatric Unit during the war by poisoning their food. Helnwein painted "Life Not Worth Living" - a water colour of a little girl "asleep" with her head in her plate; it initiated a nation-wide debate which ultimately led to a court hearing and Gross' resignation.